How do the emission reductions in the CAAP compare to No Net Increase (NNI) and the Goods Movement Action Plan (GMP)? The CAAP achieves significant emission reductions over the initial five-year period of the plan. Through implementation of the CAAP, before 2010 it is estimated that emissions will be reduced below 2001 levels of emissions for NOx and DPM. In addition, it is important to note that the CAAP and the GMP are complimentary approaches, however the CAAP will achieve greater emission reductions over the first five year period. These emission reduction estimates include the effect of growth by using the growth rate assumptions from the CARB’s Goods Movement Plan, which are consistent with the growth estimates used for vessels in NNI.