The Port of Long Beach has taken a leadership role in emission reductions by actively participating in efforts to install new technology in port-owned vehicles, in those operated by tenants and in railroad locomotives operated largely within the Port.
For example, under an agreement with the California Air Resources Board the Port is providing $2 million to help tenants convert to the exclusive use of alternative diesel fuel and install pollution-control devices on all diesel equipment. Hanjin and California United Terminals were the first two tenants to use a cleaner-burning emulsified diesel fuel in all terminal equipment. These two tenants are installing diesel oxidation catalysts, which reduce odor, noise, carbon monoxide, hydrocarbons and particulates in exhaust. By the end of 2003, the Port expects all tenants to be using the cleaner-burning alternative diesel fuel exclusively and to have outfitted all terminal equipment with diesel oxidation catalysts ( > 600 pieces).
Emissions from diesel engines using the alternative diesel fuel and outfitted with diesel oxidation catalysts produce 50 percent less particulate matter and 20 percent less nitrogen oxides. The effort exceeds state and federal requirements because U.S. Environmental Protection Agency rules designed to reduce emissions from off-road vehicles are not expected to take effect until 2009.
Among other alternative fuel efforts, the Port of Long Beach:
Will conduct at least one pilot project to evaluate the feasibility of using gaseous fuels (liquefied natural gas - LNG, or liquefied petroleum gas - LPG) in heavy-duty terminal equipment such as yard tractors and mobile cranes. These alternative fuels may produce fewer emissions than diesel.
Is negotiating with an operator to open a liquefied natural gas (LNG) terminal at the Port to provide customers throughout the region with the alternative fuel.